JavaScript Empty Values

Photo by Christopher Gower on Unsplash

What is an empty value?

Well, empty values are those values that are used to denote the absence of a meaningful value. They are themselves values, but without any information.

JavaScript has to empty values, null and undefined. Let’s explain each of them:

Null

Null is a type of value to be used for new variables with an explicit value of null. But null is also a type of object, but this is a JavaScript bug, Null should be null. Let’s see some examples.

let emptyValue = null; //Binding
console.log(emptyValue) // output -> null
typeof null //output -> "object" //Javascript bug

Like you see, even JavaScript has bugs. Be careful using this value, because you can get unexpected behavior.

Undefined

Undefined is a value assigned to every variable that don’t has been assigned any other value, for example:

let undefinedVariable; //declared, assigned as undefined by default
console.log(undefinedVariable);
output // undefined
undefinedVariable = 4; // assigned, value changed to type Number
console.log(undefinedVariable)
output// 4

Important

Every time you are going to compare null with undefined you have to be careful about the automatic type conversion, because JavaScript will give you unexpected behavior, check out this:

console.log(null == undefined); //type conversion
output// true
console.log(null === undefined); //without type conversion
output// false

Take care and be patient with JavaScript, if you want to know more about it, check this out EloquentJavaScript.

Passionate reading || Coding Addicted || FullStack Web Developer from Costa Rica

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